Vi fortsätter idag med mer Eagle Claw Kung Fu. Vi har nu kommit till Ying Jow Pai Kung Fu. Stormästaren för denna organisation är Leung Shum även han numera en äldre herre. Ovan en intervju med honom på hans skola i New York. En rarite´från 1985. I vanliga fall brukar man bara se uppvisningar men här har vi en film som visar vanlig träning. Mycket av det Eagle Claw tränar på är olika former av grepp, handledslås, och kast.
Sifu Shum (left) with Grandmaster Ng Wai Nung (center) and his older training brother Shum Man Lock in the 1950’s.
Above: Sifu Shum in his youth, practicing Eagle Claw in a Hong Kong park.
The Northern Eagle Claw system includes 25 fist forms, more than 25 weapon forms, over 25 partner (two-men or three-men) sets and the essence of the system, the 108 locking hand techniques. The techniques of the Eagle Claw system come from the movements of the eagle: powerful claws, fast eyes, smooth movements and lightning fast techniques. The ”Seven Principles” of Eagle Claw kung fu are Jow Da Cum Na (clawing and locking), Dim Yut Bye Hei (attacking pressure points and stopping the breath), Cow Wai Sau Fung (locking), Diu Cow Fing Lau (controlling, pushing and pulling), Sim Jim Tong Na (twisting, jumping and dropping to the floor), Noi Sup Chung Dit (falling and techniques using waist) and Fun Gun Chaw Quat (cutting veins and shattering bones).
Above: Master Shum demonstrates a classic Eagle Claw move. This is a combination arm pull, neck grab and leg sweep.
The history of Eagle Claw
Originally the Eagle Claw system, whose complete history is told in Sifu Shum’s book Eagle Claw Kung Fu: Classical Northern Chinese Fist, was called Elephant style, a system of hand combat that Ngok Fei, said to be the most brilliant general of the Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279 AD), taught to his soldiers. The Song court had fled south of the Huai river, a tributary of the Yang Tse River, before the Jorched (a Siberian people who were the ancestors of the Manchus, the last rulers of China before the country became a Republic), who had conquered North China. The Song court set up its capital in Hang Chow. General Ngok Fei defeated the Jorched every time he fought them. Just hearing Ngok Fei’s name filled the Jorched with terror. Ngok Fei was able to win victory after victory because he was a clever tactician, and above all because of the kung fu system he taught to his troops.
Ngok Fei was a junior officer who rose from the ranks of recruits. He was not only an excellent strategist, but also a scholar and always showed moral integrity and loyalty to the Emperor. He inspired discipline among his troops, won the people’s support, succeeded in suppressing bandits who were roaming the land, and defeated the Jorched cavalry with infantry tactics.
Above: Master Shum in his youth practicing Eagle Claw grappling with an elder training brother at the Hong Kong school.
Ngok Fei’s soldiers, enraged at the grossly unfair punishment he had suffered, disbanded and continued training on their own. A monk named Lai Chin, who was already the master of his own system called Faan Tzi, happened to see Ngok Fei’s former soldiers training during his travels. He recognized the value of their techniques and decided to incorporate them into his own system. Faan Tzi Eagle Claw was born: today it is known as the Northern Eagle Claw system.
Great Grandmaster Chan Tzi Ching’s Eagle Claw class in the 1920’s. His student, Ng Wai Nung, is seated second from the right.
Above: Great Grandmaster Lau Fat Man, disciple of Chan Tzi Ching and manager of the Hong Kong Ching Mo Association.
Lai Chin taught Northern Eagle Claw to his student, another monk named Toa Gai, who in turn passed it on to one of his lay students, Lau Shing Yuo. The latter trained his son, Lau Kai Man, in the system. Originally, the Northern Eagle Claw system was to remain within the Lau clan and was not to be taught to outsiders. But Lau Kai Man taught it not only to his nephew in the Lau family, Lau Fat Man, but also to Chan Tzi Ching, his sister’s son.
Above: Chan Tzi Ching, founder of the Ching Mo Association and one of the great Eagle Claw masters.
Chan Tzi Ching founded the Ching Mo Kung Fu Association in Shanghai with his friend, Fawk Yun Gop. Other sifus soon joined the association. Chan Tzi Ching also went to Hong Kong to set up another Ching Mo Association, but he soon had to return to Shanghai and left the Hong Kong Ching Mo Association in the care of Lau Fat Man. Sifu Shum’s teacher (our Sigong), Ng Wai Nung, trained extensively under Lau Fat Man.
Above: The Great Grandmaster Lau Fat Man (left) with Grandmaster Ng Wai Nung.
During the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), the Hong Kong Ching Mo Association was closed. Lau Fat Man spent the war teaching in Canton with Ng Wai Nung. After the war, Lau Fat Man went back to Hong Kong and taught for five years in the Restaurant Workers’ Union. Ng Wai Nung also came back and taught in an opera actors’ club and gave private lessons in both kung fu and tai chi.
Later Ng Wai Nung opened a school on Tai Po Road in Kowloon, where he taught untill his death in 1992.
Great-Grandmaster Lau Fat Man also opened a school and later taught privately until his death in the mid-1960’s. His daughters, Lily and Gini Lau now teach in California.
Engelsk text och bilder från www.yingjowpai.com/